The return of cold temperatures increases your reliance on home heating equipment in the fall. If your furnace isn’t operating correctly, it could become a fire hazard and threaten your family’s safety.
According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), heating equipment is a major cause of home fires, causing nearly 50,000 blazes, 500 civilian deaths and more than $1 billion in direct property damage every year. Space heaters and fireplaces generate the majority of fires involving heating equipment, but central heaters, like furnaces, are responsible for about 12% of these blazes. Learn the leading causes of furnace fires and how to minimize them.
Older furnaces are more vulnerable to safety hazards since they may be configured differently and fall into disrepair over the years. Still, whether your furnace is more than a decade old or brand new, you should be aware of these causes of furnace fires.
A furnace motor can overheat in various ways. Here are the biggest risks:
Yard debris, animal nests and other obstructions can clog the furnace flue, restricting oxygen. This leads to soot buildup and improper ventilation, lowering efficiency and increasing the risk of flame rollout. Flame rollout is when fire escapes the heat exchanger and burns the parts inside your furnace. If this problem persists, your heating equipment can be badly damaged, and the fire could spread to areas outside the furnace.
The heat exchanger is a sealed combustion chamber where the heat generated by your furnace transfers to the air circulating throughout your home. A heat exchanger clogged with soot or corrosion has the same impact as a blocked furnace flue—reduced performance and an increased risk of flame rollout.
Various problems occur if corrosion cracks the heat exchanger. First, it affects suction inside this chamber, leading to less airflow and increased flame rollout. Second, it releases fumes, like carbon monoxide, into your home. Inhaling CO gas can be fatal, so never neglect your carbon monoxide alarms. CO gas can also flash back to the source of the leak and ignite if a flame is present.
Furnaces depend on a precise combination of natural gas and air to generate safe and efficient combustion. Too little pressure is often the result of clogged burner orifices. This problem makes the burner flames more likely to roll out. It also produces unwanted condensation inside the heat exchanger, accelerating the rate of corrosion.
On the other hand, high gas pressure can create excessive heat inside the furnace, which can cause the soot inside the heat exchanger to ignite. Such fires can easily spread to other areas.
Based on the different ways a furnace can light on fire, here are the steps you can take to prevent furnace fires:
Is it time for your yearly tune-up? Do you need help resolving a problem with your furnace? Whatever the case, Calverley Service Experts is here for you. Our HVAC professionals can inspect, clean and test the system to ensure safe operation. If anything looks out of place, we’ll recommend a repair or a modification, offering you peace of mind that your furnace is unlikely to catch fire. For more information or to schedule furnace maintenance, please contact your local Calverley Service Experts office today.
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